By Balazs Koranyi and Francesco Canepa
WASHINGTON/FRANKFURT (Reuters) – The head of the European Central Bank defended a pledge to keep interest rates at rock bottom on Thursday, batting back German calls for a speedy exit from years of easy money in the euro zone.
With two weeks to go before the ECB decides on the future of its stimulus policy, its president, Mario Draghi, said the pledge to maintain interest rates at their current, record-low level “well past” the end of its bond-buying program was very important for keeping borrowing costs at bay.
“The ‘well past’ is very, very important in anchoring rate expectations,” Draghi said at an event in Washington, where he is due to attend the G20 meeting.
His comments suggested that phrase was likely to be kept in the ECB’s policy message at a meeting on Oct. 26 even if the euro zone’s rate setters decide to go ahead with an expected reduction in the monthly pace of their bond buys from the current 60 billion euros.
Draghi’s words also poured cold water on German hopes, expressed by the head of Bundesbank in an interview published earlier on Thursday, that an era of low or negative rates was finally nearing its end.
“(Ultra-low rates) must not last too long and, in an economic upturn, the monetary policy taps should be turned off in a quick and consistent manner,” Jens Weidmann was quoted as saying by Germany weekly Wirtschaftswoche.
The ECB has spent more than 2 trillion euros on bonds and charged banks on their idle cash in a bid to revive lending in the euro zone and bring inflation back to its target of almost 2 percent.
Speaking earlier in Washington, ECB chief economist Peter Praet, a key ally of Draghi, recognized the euro zone’s economy was now growing briskly but warned this was still not showing up in inflation data – meaning monetary policy needed to remain easy.
“We are undoubtedly experiencing a solid, broad-based and resilient economic recovery that is contributing to a narrowing of the output and unemployment gaps,” Praet said in Washington. “But there still appears to be a disconnect between growth and inflation.”
The ECB’s policy has been blamed in Germany for bankrolling indebted government south of the Alps, depressing returns for savers and fuelling price bubbles in richer countries in the north of the euro zone.